In the young toddler, the first two years of his life are very important in terms of motor development. It is in fact during this period that he will acquire a very large number of his motor skills. The maturation of his brain and the environment in which he evolves have a great influence on his global motor development.
The newborn and the young child mainly discover their bodies through movement and play. To achieve optimum motor development, the child must experience a good variety of movement and be able to explore the environment from different angles.
However, different health issues can limit their ability to play and interact with their environment, which can lead to developmental delay.
For this reason, a child with a musculoskeletal impairment or a pattern of atypical movement must be evaluated in pediatric physiotherapy. A thorough assessment will be made and the physiotherapist will be able to verify that the milestones of his motor development are correctly executed, symmetrical and that they follow the standards corresponding to his age.
These are frequently treated conditions in physiotherapy in newborns and young children:
• Congenital Torticollis
• Development delay
• Neurological impairment (e.g., cerebral palsy)
• Club feet
• Congenital hip dysplasia following orthopedic correction
• Brachial plexus lesion
• Various orthopedic conditions
Pediatric physiotherapy also includes slightly older children and teenagers. Although the needs differ from the youngest, the result is that they also happen to have their own difficulties and challenges. Whether it is a bad posture, a sporting injury or other incident, their need is different from that of adults, because their growth is not complete.
These are frequently treated conditions in physiotherapy in children and adolescents:
• Postural Problem
• Strains (muscles tears)
• Pain related to rapid growth
• Gait problem
• Following orthopedic surgery or fracture
• Patello femoral Syndrome
• Shoulder instability (dislocation)
• Neurological impairment
It is important to know that most musculoskeletal conditions and motor development delays, whether in the baby, child or adolescent, can be treated in physiotherapy through specific counselling and exercise.